Make Room for Waves – ICO already raised 4800+ BTC – 47 Days left to buy in Make Room for Waves – ICO already raised 4800+ BTC – 47 Days left to buy in
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The early bird catch the first worm, but Waves are making the entire Bitcoin community FOMO* in early. Normally investors wait until the last... Make Room for Waves – ICO already raised 4800+ BTC – 47 Days left to buy in

The early bird catch the first worm, but Waves are making the entire Bitcoin community FOMO* in early. Normally investors wait until the last few days before making the investment – not the case at all with Waves. Still 47 days left of ICO and investors are literally throwing themselves at this one!

 

What is Waves?

Since its inception, blockchain technology has been fraught with controversy over its most natural
application – value transfer using the network token. Decentralized money is a ground-breaking
development, but blockchain technology cannot be reduced to this alone. Being essentially a
distributed database, the blockchain allows for various types of distributed ledger entries, the
nature of which depends on their interpretation by the blockchain’s users.

Waves Whitepaper by: Sasha Ivanov

Waves Whitepaper by: Sasha Ivanov

Introducing the blockchain as a foundation for digital cash attracted a great deal of attention to the
technology, putting regulators and governments worldwide on high alert in the process. There is no
doubt that Bitcoin will establish itself as a valid monetary system. But it is also obvious that there
should not be too many blockchain tokens in use as money at the present time, since the low
liquidity and high volatility this causes prevent the use of emerging blockchains as a secure store of
value.
We propose to focus on other uses of blockchain tokens – those which are often overlooked in favor
of the low-level opportunities which blockchain technology might provide, such as smart contracts.
There is very strong untapped potential in a classical colored coins approach, and the WAVES
platform is designed to realize this to its fullest extent.
Smart contracts, being a natural development of Bitcoin scripting, are inevitable and will be one of
the cornerstones of blockchain technology. On the other hand, certain features are much easier to
implement using other approaches. Custom tokens operations realized as an attachment to
blockchain transactions are very flexible and can be used in a variety of applications, from national
currencies transfer over the blockchain to decentralized trading. A focus on such operations might
well complement the approach introduced by Ethereum. [1]
In the following sections we will describe the technical motivation for WAVES platform’s features and
illustrate them with use cases. We intend to determine the most “production-ready” aspects of
current blockchain technology and apply them to the real-world problems.

Custom blockchain tokens and their usage

It should be noted that WAVES makes a crucial step ahead with decentralized blockchain trading by
offering trading of one custom token against another (asset-to-asset trading).
This opens up a whole new range of opportunities, including trading against tokens tied to national

sasha ivanov is the founder and CEO of WAVES project.

Sasha Ivanov is the founder and CEO of WAVES project.

currencies, thus replicating traditional trading infrastructures.
Custom token creation, deletion and transfer
Decentralized token exchange, realized as a distributed order-matching engine, where Bid
and Ask network transactions are matched against each other
Anonymity features – anonymous order books are a must for an industry-grade trading
platform
2.1 Technical motivation.
Blockchain assets and colored coins approaches emerged around 2013, when several protocols
utilizing Bitcoin’s blockchain were implemented. [4] [5] [6]
Besides this, there were several attempts to build custom bloсkchain tokens platform from scratch,
of which the most notable is Nxt. [7]
We develop the approach which Nxt implemented, realizing custom tokens creation and transfer
through attachments added to blockchain transactions. This approach has clear merits, such as the
ability to implement new transaction types easily, but from practical point of view it is fraught with
the problem of mandatory hard forks – when adding a new transaction type, network client
software has to be updated, since old clients cannot support new transaction types.
WAVES approaches this problem by offering an extensible solution, in which new transaction types
are introduced through plug-ins that are not included in the core software module, but are instead
installed as an extension on top of it. Clients that do not have the relevant plug-in installed can still
relay these custom transactions. This approach allows third-party developers to introduce new
transaction types, and creates an Appstore-like ecosystem.
Only the most basic transaction types are supported at the core level, including:

2.2 Use cases.
2.2.1 National currencies on the blockchain.
Although using the main network token for value transfer is quite natural, it nevertheless raises
several issues. Use of low-liquidity and highly volatile tokens for value transfer has obvious
drawbacks for merchants, and creates tension with regulatory bodies.
Still, fully decentralized money is viable, which is demonstrated by the slow but steady adoption of
Bitcoin as a currency.
However, in order to provide sufficient liquidity and mitigate the volatility that prevents
decentralized money usage as a store of value, the overall number of tokens used as currency
should be limited (at least in the initial stages of the development of the technology). We strongly
advocate using only Bitcoin as a currency for this reason.
Our approach to handling external value transfer tokens and currencies stems from the
‘Multigateway’ approach. [2]
In the case of Bitcoin there is a party (or multi-sig parties) that maintains an in-and-out exchange
procedure for Bitcoin, swapping it for its corresponding network token. Thus we facilitate Bitcoin
transfers using the WAVES blockchain.
This approach is obviously centralized, due to limitations inherent in Bitcoin itself. It is opposed to a
“market peg” approach, which relies on providing a dynamic peg though certain market-making
procedures. At first sight the market peg approach may seem to be an adequate way of mirroring
financial assets on decentralised platform, but with further consideration hidden centralization
invariably surfaces.
By explicitly introducing centralization into supporting blockchain national currencies and BTC we
are able to open new horizons for existing financial institutions. Their role can be reduced to
providing liquidity for their fiat assets and KYC/AML procedures. Maintaining payment
infrastructure is fully outsourced to decentralized blockchains.
This approach to providing national currencies on the blockchain was pioneered with the
CoinoUSD token on Nxt’s blockchain. It is also similar to Ripple’s gateways approach.
We believe that such a strategy can compete with the emerging permissioned blockchains
approach and attract financial institutions willing to work on open blockchains.
2.2.2 Crowdfunding, decentralized financial instruments and beyond.

Wavesplatform raise over 4800 Bitcoin in only 3 days

Wavesplatform raise over 4800 Bitcoin in only 3 days

We believe that blockchains are an effective means for managing most aspects of communitybased
projects, from financial to organizational elements. Blockchain technology, due to its innate
latency, cannot support high-frequency trading. Most probably centralized solutions will always be
preferable for high-volume transactions with milliseconds execution times. But for applications in
which instant transactions are not required, blockchains provide a very natural environment – for
example, for issuing crowdfunding tokens and managing financial flows within a community. This is
an area in which using decentralized solutions is beneficial and centralization brings little to the
table.
If we consider a Kickstarter-like model of pledging certain amounts of money in exchange for a
product to be released in the future, we can see its obvious limitations. A project backer cannot exit
her “investment” in the project by selling it another user. On the other hand such a use case is very
natural using a blockchain-based system, where custom tokens can be swapped and transferred by
design.
Issuing securities is highly regulated in most jurisdictions. Tokens can be associated with securities,
especially if some projections about future token price are made or a token issuer promises to pay
certain dividend. However, the blockchain is a regulation-agnostic instrument. If a legal entity
wishing to utilize the blockchain for a securities issue is compliant with local laws and regulations
then issuing securities on a blockchain is as legitimate as conducting a stock exchange listing.
Start-up fundraising, private investment placements and venture-stage investments seem to be
the most appropriate areas for blockchain-powered financial instruments. On the other hand it can
be used by a larger businesses for specific financial operations too, such as clearing and settlement,
so long as these do not entail overly taxing speed requirements.
In most jurisdictions (notably excluding the US), blockchain-based fundraising that does not exceed
a given limit can be carried out perfectly legally. Equity crowdfunding laws in the US allow
fundraising with a simplified SEC registration procedure.
Strict US securities laws are intended to prevent fraud, and for this a strong centralized watchdog,
such as US Securities and Exchange Commission, is needed. But the advance of decentralized
technology can introduce some form of community and decentralized issuer vetting, which might
eventually replace centralized regulators.

3.1 Technical motivation.
3.1.1 Two-tier architecture and lightweight clients.
The classic Bitcoin approach is essentially a way to synchronize a distributed system through
common transaction logs. It requires that each network node store the full copy of the transaction
history. Obviously this does not scale well, since eventually not every node will be able to store the
full history. There are different ways to mitigate this – a simplified payment verification procedure
that allows storage of only that data essential for a given node; off-chain transactions; bidirectional
payment tunnels; reducing blockchain bloat; working directly with the system state. [8] With the
simplest approach, where all nodes are equal at Genesis block, centralization may emerge as lowcapacity
nodes have to rely on full, high-capacity nodes that can afford to store the full blockchain.
Effectively, a two-tier architecture emerges.
Does this make the system inherently centralized?
No, since a new node can always enter the network and become a full node if it has sufficient
resources.
Of course, emerging centralization brings trust issues, since lightweight nodes have to trust the full
nodes and can become a victim of a rogue full node. However, there are ways to mitigate this, such
as polling several nodes, maintaining trusted nodes lists, and so on.
WAVES platform enforces an approach that might at first seem extreme to a classic cryptocurrency
advocate. Lightweight nodes do not download the blockchain at all, instead relying on full nodes for
payment verification and network interaction. The approach is based on the SuperNET lite client [3]
that has successfully been run on the Nxt platform for over a year.
3. Lightweight clients, two-tier architecture,
Proof of stake and usability.

Having crowdfunding as one of WAVES platform’s main use cases means that some form of
decentralized KYC/AML must be integrated into the system core. To that end we are realizing a
decentralized reputation system, which should eliminate unscrupulous actors on the WAVES
blockchain.
WAVES is built on the Scorex platform [8] which develops an approach based on using current
network state as an alternative to full transaction history. A simplified payment verification
procedure will be realized for the lightweight node, adding another security layer. System state can
be downloaded by a lightweight node, and simplified payment verification procedures based on
this.
3.1.2 Proof-of-Stake consensus and stake leasing.
We have chosen the Proof-of-Stake protocol as a consensus algorithm for WAVES. This choice is
based on its successful use in NXT, as well as on certain theoretical considerations. At the same time
we propose an enhancement to the PoS protocol, which should provide for reduced transaction
times and increased transaction throughput – Leased PoS (LPoS).
In a PoS system each node that holds a balance in the main network token has a chance
(proportional to its balance) to produce a block. In the two-tier architecture it is logical to move
payment processing onto the full nodes alone. At the same time, all nodes with non-zero balances
still have to be eligible for staking rewards.
The theoretical issue of reduced security caused by fewer nodes staking can be addressed through
explicit balance leasing from lightweight nodes to full nodes. By leasing their balance to a trusted full
node a lightweight node actually increases its chance of collecting transaction fees, since it does not
have to stay online, and the full node has an increased chance of producing a block due to its
increased balance.
Account leasing is not equivalent to balance transfer; a lightweight node can still transfer its balance
to another node and conduct other operations. By leasing out their balance, lightweight nodes
effectively select which full nodes will carry out most of the network’s payment processing.
Reducing the number of nodes that can potentially produce blocks allows for faster confirmation
times, lower latency, and a higher system throughput.

4. Lightweight node realization and browser
plugins
The wallet interface resembles traditional online banking/brokerage interfaces. Integrated national
currencies allow for native value transfer denominated in fiat. Exchange of national currencies into
and out of the blockchain is carried out by a trusted provider. Once a user has completed the
national currency token purchase she can transfer it to another user or trade with it on a

Lightweight node realization

decentralized exchange.
Asset-to-asset trading makes it possible to provide a stock market-like trading interface, by allowing
trading against USD, EUR, CNY, and so on. All in all, the platform interface is closer to traditional
financial interfaces than to a normal cryptocurrency client. We find it important to provide an
interface to which most users are already well accustomed, at the same time as empowering it with
blockchain technology. Users can do things they were unable to do with traditional financial
platforms, but the learning curve remains flat, which is a key to mass-market adoption.
The lightweight node is realized as a browser plugin written in JavaScript. It interacts with Scorexbased
full nodes. The plugin is installed from browser app-stores. Since no blockchain download is
needed a user obtains a fully-fledged blockchain-powered wallet immediately following a simple
installation procedure

The wallet interface resembles traditional online banking/brokerage interfaces. Integrated national
currencies allow for native value transfer denominated in fiat. Exchange of national currencies into
and out of the blockchain is carried out by a trusted provider. Once a user has completed the
national currency token purchase she can transfer it to another user or trade with it on a
decentralized exchange.
Asset-to-asset trading makes it possible to provide a stock market-like trading interface, by allowing
trading against USD, EUR, CNY, and so on. All in all, the platform interface is closer to traditional
financial interfaces than to a normal cryptocurrency client. We find it important to provide an
interface to which most users are already well accustomed, at the same time as empowering it with
blockchain technology. Users can do things they were unable to do with traditional financial
platforms, but the learning curve remains flat, which is a key to mass-market adoption.
The lightweight node is realized as a browser plugin written in JavaScript. It interacts with Scorexbased
full nodes. The plugin is installed from browser app-stores. Since no blockchain download is
needed a user obtains a fully-fledged blockchain-powered wallet immediately following a simple
installation procedure.

5. Additional key WAVES features
WAVES targets in the first place community-based development and projects. To that end
decentralized voting and messaging are implemented. It will allow for a DAO-like experience in
managing community projects, whilst remaining straightforward from a technical point of view.
WAVES will allow payment of network transaction fees in custom tokens (assets). Along with the
transaction in question, an order to exchange the asset into the main network token is sent to the
decentralized exchange, and the transaction can be included in the next block only after that order
has been executed.

6. Conclusion
WAVES platform is being built with mass adoption in mind from the start. In this general overview we
have attempted to show the technical solutions that may be used to give the end-user previously
unseen opportunities, and to pave the way for the rapid adoption of blockchain technology.

From Wavesplatform Whitepaper – Download here

Is Waves a good investment?

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